Cost of Being a Mexican Immigrant and Being a Mexican Non-Citizen
Isao Takei, Texas A&M University
Jing Li, University of Texas at Austin
We examine hourly wage differences across different groups of Mexican-origin workers. First, we assess the cost of foreign-born status by comparing the hourly wages of Mexican immigrant workers with those of native-born Mexican American workers. Second, we assess the cost of non-citizenship status by comparing the hourly wages of non-citizens with those of Mexican-born naturalized citizens. We also seek to determine if these costs are greater in California than in Texas. Data from the 2000 5% PUMS are used to conduct the analysis. The results from multiple regression analyzes reveal that being an immigrant, particularly a non-citizen immigrant, is associated with lower hourly wages, especially in California. Thus, Mexican-origin workers, especially those in California, bear dual costs for being foreign-born and not being naturalized citizens. Furthermore, our focus on length of U.S. residence reveals that these costs are greater for those who arrived after 1980, especially in California.
Presented in Session 165: Race, Ethnicity, Gender, and Economics