A Socio-Demographic Analysis of the Size and Structure of the Family in India
Niranjan Saggurti, International Institute for Population Sciences (IIPS)
Saritha Nair, National Institute for Research in Reproductive Health (NIRRH)(ICMR)
This paper is an attempt to study the current size and structure of family according to different socio-demographic and economic characteristics of the households in India and its states. Data are obtained from the NFHS conducted in 1998-99 which covered a representative sample from 26 states in the country. Results suggest that the proportion of nuclear family households in 1998-99 increased relatively in both urban (9 percent) and rural areas (12 percent) as compared to that in 1981. The mean household size in India is 5.24 and it varies by the type of family and the demographic development of the state. This paper tests several socio-demographic hypotheses posed in the context of changing family structure and indicates that caste alone does not determine the joint family system. Rather, the jointness in a family depends on the standard of living and the agricultural land owning status of households in the country.