Migration, Gender, and STD/HIV Risky Sexual Behavior in Contemporary China
Xiushi Yang, Old Dominion University
The link between migration and STDs/HIV has captured a great deal of research attention. Little research has been focused on gendered health consequences of migration. Also lacking is our understanding of how the interplay between migration and gender may render female migrants particularly vulnerable to STDs/HIV. Using data from a population-based survey conducted in 2003, this paper examines HIV/STD risks among female migrants in China. Chi-squared tests of difference in proportions and multiple logistic regressions were used in the analysis. Results suggest that the impact of migration on risky sexual behavior was more pronounced among female than male migrants; female migrants, particularly those working in the service and entertainment industry, experienced disproportionate increases in risky sexual behavior and were at high risk of STDs/HIV. However, female migrants and non-migrants did not differ significantly in the self-reported history of STDs/HIV. Prevention interventions are urgently needed to target female temporary migrants.